The Three Main Characteristics of ADHD

If you are a parent of a child that has been diagnosed with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, it is important that you learn about the three main characteristics of ADHD. Most people visualize a child that displays signs of ADHD as one that lacks control, is consistently moving or highly disruptive. However, there are many children that may display signs of hyperactivity while others may show signs of inattentiveness. There are three main characteristics of ADHD to date. These are inattentiveness, hyperactivity as well as impulsivity. The signs of ADHD that a child experiences when they are diagnosed will depend on which of these characteristics are considered to be dominant. Throughout this educational guide on Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, you will learn about each of these characteristics of ADHD.

Inattentive ADHD

Children that suffer from inattentive disorder experience many difficulties associated with their attention span. This is especially true of the activities that are being engaged in or the information that they are exposed to on an audible level is considered to be boring or does not catch their interest. The following highlights common signs of ADHD that directly pertain to the attention span of the child:

· The child may not pay attention to the instructions that are given to them. If they do, by chance, hear the instructions, they may quickly forget them or appear as if they are experiencing problems understanding them.

· The inattentive ADHD child may have severe issues staying organized and finishing assignments and other tasks that are expected of them.

· It is not at all uncommon for the child experiencing signs of ADHD related to their attention span to seem as if they forget easily. In many instances, they may experience complication in losing and misplacing items of importance such as books, assignments, and even toys.

Hyperactive ADHD

Children that experience signs of ADHD such as constantly moving and appearing as if they move from one thing to another quickly may be suffering from hyperactive ADHD. This is one of the most common characteristics of ADHD. This children experience a tremendous amount of problems when it comes to sitting or lying still. Even when their body is not in motion, a part of it – such as a finger – may be. Many may tap their finger or move their legs when required to stop and sit still. The following outlines the symptoms associated with this type of ADHD:

· The child may often fidget or may engage in squirming when asked to stay in a location while limiting their movements.

· Characteristics of ADHD such as talking in an excessive fashion or appearing to have an extremely short temper may be experienced.

· Hyperactive signs of ADHD may include constant and inappropriate movements and what may appear as if a never-ending amount of energy.

Impulsive ADHD

Impulsive ADHD is the final of the three main characteristics of ADHD. Children that suffer from impulsive signs of ADHD experience a high amount of problems associated with self-control. For many adults, this is often the most challenging form of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. The following represents the symptoms often experienced with this type of ADHD:

· Children will often engage in certain actions without considering the consequences that may immediately result from those actions.

· Kids with impulsive ADHD may act in socially inappropriate ways. It is not at all uncommon for the child to blurt out words, interrupt others when they are talking, or saying the wrong words and phrases at the inappropriate times.

· Children exhibiting signs of ADHD that are impulsive in nature will experience complications controlling strong emotions. It is common for these kids to throw temper tantrums and appear as if they have anger issues.

If you feel that you are dealing with a child that suffers from Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, it is essential that you set up an evaluation for the child. It is also beneficial to work closely with the educators at the child’s school as well as the child’s primary care physician. If your child is diagnosed with this neurobiological disorder, it is important to ensure that you learn as much as you are able to about the condition. Your knowledge will result in your child’s ability to succeed academically, socially, and in relationships with other children, as well as adults. Equipping yourself with knowledge on the condition will equip your child with the tools and resources that they need to become successful adults.

ADHD – How NLP Gives Back Control to the Child

More than 4 million American children ages 4 to 17 have been diagnosed with ADHD; more than half diagnosed are being treated with drugs. (Source. NCQA – National Committee for Quality Assurance)

Additionally almost 50% of children with AHDH have been suspended from school at some point.

ADHD is a neurobiological condition and a developmental disorder which results in problems with impulsiveness, attention span and hyperactivity.

It does not have to be that way. Neuro-Linguistic Programming offers amazing tools for children to take charge of their ‘brains’ and hence their actions. Misunderstood …certainly, drug treatment – not necessarily.

J…had a diagnosis of ADHD, was in Year 5 (aged 10) and had been excluded yet again for the day when I arrived at school. It was lunchtime and he rarely managed an afternoon. I had only read an article on NLP and ADHD at the weekend.

J…was not on my caseload of children at this school, but I needed to wait until lunch was over. I could not believe I had the opportunity to try out this stuff so soon.

I sat with J…, built rapport with him and engaged him in conversation. All the time he was playing with a ‘Rubiks cube’ and giving me virtually no eye contact. During the conversation he told me he had ‘kicked off’ in class. I went through the process I’d only read about at that time. I asked him about the images, sounds etc. he experienced in his head when he was ‘kicking off.’

He told me they were Dexter cartoons , and that the sound was kind of s-l-u-r-r-y. We dealt with his inner images and his slurry sound until he had one fixed color picture and sound was a normal speed.

He even tried to get back his old images, just to check it out for himself.

As we went through the process and ‘chatted’ he fiddled less and less with the Rubik’s cube until finally he placed it on the table in front of him. Wow, he then gave me full eye contact and we just talked a normal conversation.

I told the Head teacher about our experience and she totally took it on board. When a ‘kicking off’ was anticipated she asked him, ‘Do you remember the work you did with Mrs. O.? How many pictures do you have now?

He was able to adjust his internal images and calm himself down. With this input and a change of teacher the following year, not only did his exclusion stop – he was able to go on a one-week residential trip with his class.

Some say their brains don’t work properly. Maybe no one has shown them how!

Following that I became a NLP Master Practitioner and NLP Life Coach, using my NLP tools extensively with children and adults in and out of school.

Isn’t ADHD Just An Excuse For Lack Of Discipline?

ADHD or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is a disorder that commonly affects children by making them hyperactive with low attention span, it has been seen that boys are inflicted more than the girls. The typical symptoms include difficulty in controlled behavior, low focus and attention span and hyperactivity. But considering the increasing levels of behavioral issues plaguing schools and homes, isn’t ADHD just an excuse for a lack of discipline?

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity (ADHD) symptoms

Most parents of children diagnosed with ADHD complain of violent behavior patterns with children of 7 to 9 years hitting siblings and others that prevent them from doing things they want to do. As per studies conducted on ADHD and childhood behavior patterns, here are some of the common symptoms:

• Distraction

• Forgetfulness and daydreaming patterns

• Low attentions span

• Poor listening skills

• Poor concentration

• Heightened activity- running, inability to play quietly

• Aggressive and violent behavior

However, aggressive behavior and anger is a common pattern seen in young and older aged children diagnosed with this disorder. It has been seen that feelings of frustration coupled with lack of communication of emotions vent out as aggressive and violent behavior patterns.

Though they are developmentally delayed, it has been seen that the urge to resist aggressive behavior is lacking. But the fact that children have communication issues along with poor focus, reinforcement of instructions does help. But it is also seen in kids with poor discipline and lower levels of parental control.

Can poor parenting skills lead to misdiagnosis as ADHD?

But coming back to the question that isn’t ADHD just an excuse for a lack of discipline, it is true that in some cases, indiscipline is camouflaged by ADHD. Poor parenting skills compounded by lack of discipline can label the kids afflicted with ADHD. But not all children diagnosed with ADHD are categorized such due to lack of discipline. This is a serious behavioral disorder that continues to adulthood unless there is medical and therapeutic intervention. Though there is no cure for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Syndrome, some medicines and behavioral therapy is advised by physicians depending upon individual evaluation.

Oftentimes, it is easy for parents to put the blame on the children citing medical disorders than introspecting on their own parenting skills. They take the child from doctor to doctors till the symptoms are correlated with a behavioral problem, which is one of the reasons that ADHD is misdiagnosed. Most of the children with such poor parenting and discipline issue, who are labeled as ADHD, get away with misbehavior. However, the children that are misdiagnosed and put on drugs suffer lifelong side-effects which could have been avoided with little discipline.

Thus, in a way, isn’t ADHD just an excuse for a lack of discipline? Yes, it is in some cases while in others, it is for the betterment of the child to receive proper guidance and therapy to enhance communication skills and increase focus. It is the role of parents to wisely notice the symptoms, stay balanced and the skill of the doctor to be able to diagnose correctly.